zabika.ru 1

Абишева А.К., КазНПУ имени Абая
ГЛОБАЛИЗАЦИЯ И ТРАНСФОРМАЦИЯ НАЦИОНАЛЬНЫХ ГОСУДАРСТВ (РЕГИОНАЛЬНАЯ ИНТЕГРАЦИЯ)
Aliya Abisheva, Kazakh National Pedagogical University named after Abay
GLOBALIZATION AND TRANSFORMATION OF THE NATIONAL STATES (REGIONAL INTEGRATION)
Abstract

Process of globalization, based on modern science and technologies, by the opinion of the author, do not must turn into primary, only possible value and selfpurpose. That leads to the alienation of man, to changing him from free creatively-active and spiritual subject to the object, to the means of erecting formally structured technologic system, where the management form could be presented by totalitarian technocracy. In order to avoid such consequences the globalization should follow democratic principles of freedom of man, and bounded with its responsibility, morality and common sense, and must be open to pluralism of values. The globalization could be useful as necessary means for humane purposes of mankind, for the organization of world association on the base of peace and justice for mutual enrichment and openness for new possibilities, for development freedom and variety of spiritual senses. According to I.Kant peaceful co-existence of the states possibly on principles of acknowledgement of their self-determination’ freedom based on democratic principles of international law that assumes coexistence of cultures as their union, developing the bill of the peace. The national states don't lose the subjectivity within regional integration if keep the Supreme values. To be or not to be the subject in the international political sphere – the decision always there is behind the people, the nation, culture, as ontological freedom of the individual, any cultural and historical subject is represented by openness, variety of ways of development, ways of being which, except progress, don't exclude possibility of digression from freedom, regress. Development and cooperation, peaceful co-existence of cultures, ethnic and the states possibly and due in the conditions of construction and observance democratic standards of modern global process of integration, pluralism of values, freedom of self-determination and following from this essential basis of human being of a sovereignty of each person, the national state. Modern processes of globalization should remain a means of development of the person, instead of turn into end in itself that threatens democratic pluralism of cultures where being observed absolutization of technological processes conducts to formalization of processes, technocracy of the societies blocking development of cultures and their values. Science and technology act as development tools of various values, not only values of domination person over the world, but also national traditional values. Technologically developed countries of modern Asia testify to it. Examples of swift economic growth and development of the national states of modern Asia show that the assertions before identifying traditional societies with closed for democracy and scientific and technical progress lose the ground. Democracy can't be identified with cultural identity, and progress - with scientific and technical revolution.


Key words: ontological freedom, value sense, culture, nation, transformation of the national states, identification, globalization, regional integration, scientific and technical progress.
Глобальные проблемы современности, поднимавшиеся в конце ХХ столетия, стремительно переросли в начале нового – ХХ1 столетия – в проблему глобализации, охватившую все сферы человеческой деятельности, но этим она не ограничилась. Идея глобализации претендует охватить и направить все духовное многообразие культур, основанных на собственных ценностных интенциях и смыслах, составляющих их инициальное ядро, которое определяет их особые, неповторимые бытийные черты, способы их бытия и мировоззрения на приведение к общей единой основе с ее рациональной системой управления. Процессы интеграции, все глубже затрагивающие социальные, политические, экономические отношения имеют тенденцию объединять их в некие единые социально-экономические и политические системы и союзы, иногда с дальнейшей претензией образования мирового господства. Движение интеграции, в свою очередь, сопровождается дезинтеграцией, сопротивлением отдельных этносов, государств, культур, их нежеланием терять свою специфическую идентичность.

Особенностью интегративных процессов глобализации является то, что они осуществляются с помощью достижений современной рациональной науки, направленной в основном на решение задач практической жизни человека и имеющей потребностно-полезностные ценностные интенции и соответствующие им цели господства человека над